Are you aware of the fact that most of your skin ointments contain zinc oxide in the form of ZnO nanoparticles? Well yes! It is very helpful in treating rashes, burns and irritation on the skin. They are available in several forms such as zinc oxide creams, sunscreens, powders, application sprays, application gels or jellies and ointments.
Today we are going to discuss the uses of zinc oxide for different skin problems such as diaper rash, wounds, burns, etc. So, let’s have a look!
What is Zinc oxide?
Zinc oxide, formalized as ZnO is an organic compound or a mineral that is usually found in a powdered form. It is a synthetic compound that occurs from natural mineral zincite. It is used as an additive in several cosmetics, lubricants, adhesives, pigments, first-aid tapes, etc. ZnO nanoparticles are chief products in creams and ointments that are used to heal minor burns, diaper rashes, skin irritation, and chapped skin. Additionally, they are quite helpful in treating burning, itching, painful bowel movements and rectal discomforts due to hemorrhoids.
What are Zinc Oxide nanoparticles?
As suggested by the name, Zinc oxide nanoparticles are the tiny nanoparticles with less than the diameter of 100 nanometers. These nanoparticles are considered as one of the top three nanomaterials used along with silicon dioxide nanoparticles and titanium dioxide nanoparticles.
ZnO nanometers for sunscreens:
Zinc oxide nanoparticles are widely used in sunscreens. Due to their large surface areas, these particles show high catalytic activities and absorb the UV rays and are capable enough to merge into the skin without being visible in the light.
How to use Zinc oxide topical?
There are no such hard and fast rules to use zinc oxide topical. One should use exactly as prescribed by their physician or described on the labels of medicines.
Apply enough medicine in the healing area that needs to be treated. Zinc oxide ointments often leave a thin white residue on the skin that cannot be rubbed in.
Wound areas: To treat minor wounds, burns, chapped skin or irritations, use the medications at least 2 to 3 times a day or as prescribed by the doctor. Smoothly apply a thin layer of the topical on the affected area and gently rub it.
Diaper rash: In the case of diaper rash, the topical must be applied every time you change the diaper. One should also apply it during bedtime or whenever there will be a long duration gap between changing the diaper of the affected person.
Considerations while using zinc oxide medications:
Though zinc oxide is safe for skin but one should take proper measures while using such tropical. Here are some important factors you should keep in mind while using such tropical:
- An individual allergic to cod liver oil, lanolin, petroleum jellies, parabens, dimethicone, mineral oils, wax or zinc, and its compound should avoid usage of zinc oxide topical.
- Zinc oxide ointments cannot be used for bacterial or fungal infections. It is recommended to seek a doctor in case of such infections.
- Pregnant or lactating mothers must concern a physician before using these medicines.
- Keep these medications and ointments out of reach of children and pets.
Side effects of zinc oxide topical:
Apart from its wonderful effects, there are few side effects related to the usage of such medications and ointments that are very rare. It may cause hives, rashes or itching on the body parts, which can worsen the conditions if not treated on time. So, if you face any of such problems, stop the usage and consult a doctor as soon as possible.